There are 18 networks accounted for within South East Asia and 65 upper-tier players have been identified in the author’s network analysis.
Upper-tier players consist of fixers (middlemen), boarding team leaders, recruiters, forgers, so-called ‘big bosses’, and buyers.
Boarding team ‘foot soldiers’ as well as the insiders that supply information are not included in this list as it would triple if not quadruple it.
Additionally, ten phantom tankers have been identified within the region that are used for hijacking operations as well as three pirate mother ships, five suspected phantom ships and two go-fast boats.
The following is a break down of the network hierarchy from lowest to highest.
Phantom tankers, mother ships and go-fast boats are also discussed.
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