The Red Sea Houthi Attacks – Trend Analysis Report

The report highlights the security risks faced by international shipping companies in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, particularly due to Houthi military activities. Here are some key observations:

  • Houthi Threat: The Houthi military’s boarding of the GALAXY LEADER and subsequent incidents indicate their capability and intent to target international shipping. The use of long-range Paveh missiles that are supplied by Iran poses an additional threat to vessels in the region, particularly the Gulf of Aden.
  • International Naval Operations: The presence of the US-led Operation Prosperity Guardian in addition to military attacks by the US and UK against Houthi capabilities has shown some success in reducing the number of attacks against commercial vessels. However, it is highlighted that the Houthis retain the ability to maintain an operational tempo, emphasising the ongoing risk to international shipping.
  • Changing Areas of Attacks:The analysis reveals a shift in the Houthi’s area of attack from the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden. This indicates a need for shipping companies to remain vigilant and adapt their security measures accordingly.
  • Impact on Shipping Operations: The reduction in the number of attacks can be partially attributed to a decline in transit volume during certain periods, with vessels choosing an alternate route that traverses the Cape of Good Hope. This suggests that shipping companies are adjusting their routes as a risk mitigation strategy.

In light of these observations, it is crucial for shipping companies to implement robust security risk management measures, including threat assessments, and enhanced security protocols. Close coordination with international naval operations and keeping updated on the evolving security situation is vital to ensure the safety of vessels and crew operating in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Neptune P2P Group has developed UAV awareness training for crews that are transiting these waters. This will provide up-to-date information about the current threats as well as provide ways to identify drones whilst maintaining best management practices. Download the latest Trend Analysis report on the Red Sea Houthi Attacks and get in touch to speak to our experts.